Abstract: Although several studies have warned that enacting sex offender residence restrictions (SORR) will result in a large number of sex offenders needing to relocate their housing, additional research has found that large proportions of sex offenders (from 30 - 90%) continued to live at addresses in violation of SORR policies. We sought to explore the correlates of SORR violation rates at the county level across Michigan and Missouri. We found that counties with higher levels of concentrated disadvantage had significantly higher violation rates. This finding was isolated to sex offenders following SORR implementation and was not observed among pre-SORR sex offenders, or pre/post SORR non-sex offenders. The research suggests that the factors which drive SORR violations may vary considerably across states, and research into SORR implementation will be necessary to understand the mechanism underlying this relationship.
Abstract: Data on the recidivism rates of individuals convicted of sex crimes varies considerably across studies. Both academic papers and government reports have assessed various forms of recidivism for this group, with different findings. The vast majority of the public believes that people convicted of sex crimes will inevitably reoffend and this is the premise upon which most related legislation is based. However, this premise is based on false and misleading information contained in numerous published reports. After a review of 287 studies of recidivism statistics, we selected seven that exhibit the most egregious misinformation and that have been the most influential in shaping governmental policy. We examine these seven studies thoroughly to better understand their definitions, interpretation, and presentation of recidivism data. We then seek to resolve discrepancies and to determine what can legitimately be said about sex-crime recidivism. We then discuss new revelations about recidivism and sex crimes vis-a-vis our analysis and we offer suggestions for future research.